Esophageal or Gastric Cancer
Gastrointestinal (Noncolorectal) Cancer
2019 ASCO Annual Meeting
Author(s): Bo Zhang, Ling Qi, Xi Wang, Jun Jiang, Xin Zhang, Yun Liu, Lan Mu, Jing Huang; Department of Medical Oncology, National Cancer Center/National Clinical Research Center for Cancer/Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China; Department of Diagnostic Radiology, National Cancer Center/National Clinical Research Center for Cancer/Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China
Background: Both anti-PD-1 antibodies and molecular antiangiogenic agents have shown promising anti-tumor activities in patients with advanced esophageal cancer. We conducted this single-center phase 2 study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of camrelizumab (anti-PD-1 antibody) plus apatinib (VEGFR2-TKI) in combination with liposomal paclitaxel and nedaplatin in the first-line treatment of patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC).
Methods: Patients with unresectable locally advanced or metastatic ESCC received camrelizumab 200mg d1, liposomal paclitaxel 150mg/m2 d1, nedaplatin 50mg/m2 d1 and apatinib 250mg d1-14. Treatments were repeated every 14 days for up to 6-9 cycles, followed by maintenance therapy with camrelizumab, apatinib, or both. The primary end point was progression-free survival (PFS) in the intention-to-treat population. Secondary end points included objective response rate (ORR), disease control rate (DCR), overall survival (OS) and safety. PD-L1 positivity, defined as a combined positive score (CPS) ≥1, was evaluated by immunohistochemistry (IHC).
Results: Between Aug 6th 2018 and Feb 6th 2019, a total of 29 patients were enrolled. The median age was 62 years (43-70). Most patients were male (22/29, 75.9%) with metastatic disease (25/29, 86.2%). Response evaluation by independent central review was available in 26 patients, with 19 achieving a best response of PR, 6 with SD, and 1 with PD. The ORR and DCR were 73.1% (19/26) and 96.2% (25/26), respectively. Data for PFS and OS were not matured. The most common grade 3/4 adverse events were leucopenia (21/29, 72.4%) and neutropenia (15/29, 51.7%). Two cases of treatment-related SAEs occurred, both led to hospitalization: one patient developed grade 3 febrile neutropenia, grade 4 leucopenia and grade 3 anorexia; another patient developed grade 4 toxic epidermal necrolysis.
Conclusions:Camrelizumab plus apatinib in combination with liposomal paclitaxel and nedaplatin could be a new treatment option for patients with unresectable locally advanced or metastatic ESCC.
Clinical Trial Information: https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03603756